1939 in History – What happened in year 1939

✅ Published on April 8th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1939 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1939.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1939 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
10 februarySpanish Civil War-The Nationalists concluded their conquest of Catalonia and sealed the border with France.
02 marchItalian Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli was elected as Pope and tookthe name Pius XII.
19 marchWinston Churchill signed British Russian anti-Nazi pact on May 19, 1939. Thus both the countries made an alliance against Germany as a part of World War II.
09 aprilAfter being denied permission to perform at Constitution Hallby the Daughters of the American Revolution, African American singerMarian Anderson gave an open-air concert on the steps of the LincolnMemorial in Washington, D.C.
20 aprilBillie Holiday recorded her version of 'Strange Fruit', which gained fame as an emblem of the Civil Rights Movement.
20 aprilAdolf Hitler's 50th birthday was celebrated as a national holiday in Nazi Germany.
03 mayThe All India Forward Bloc was formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose on May 3, 1939. The motive of the Forward Bloc was to rally all the left wing sections within Congress and develop an alternative leadership inside the party, after three years it was banned by the British Authorities.
03 maySubhas Chandra Bose formed the All India Forward Bloc of the Indian National Congress in opposition to Gandhi's tactics of non-violence.
13 mayWDRC-FM, the first commercial US FM radio station, was launched on May 13, 1939 in Bloomfield, Connecticut. Now it is known as 102.9 The Whale with the slogan ‘Classic Rock is back’ after changing their old theme Brass Bonanza.
14 mayLina Medina became the youngest confirmed mother at the age of five years, seven months and seventeen days when she gave birth to a boy by a caesarean section on May 14, 1939.
19 mayWinston Churchill signed British Russian anti-Nazi pact on May 19, 1939. Thus both the countries made an alliance against Germany as a part of World War II.
04 juneThe German ocean liner St. Louis, carrying 937 Jewish refugeesseeking political asylum from Nazi persecution, was denied permission toland in the United States, after already having been turned away fromCuba.
19 juneFormer American baseball player Lou Gehrig was diagnosed withamyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now commonly known in the United Statesas 'Lou Gehrig's Disease'.
02 augustPhysicist Leó Szilárd wrote a letter to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, signed by Albert Einstein, warning that Germany might develop atomic bombs, which led to the establishment of the Manhattan Project.
23 augustNazi Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to theMolotov–Ribbentrop Pact, a 10-year, mutual non-aggression treaty,which also included a secret protocol dividing Northern and EasternEurope into German and Soviet spheres of influence.
25 augustThe United Kingdom and Poland entered into a military alliancefor mutual assistance in case of military invasion by 'a EuropeanPower'.
31 augustNazi forces, posing as Poles, staged an attack against theGerman radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia,Germany, creating an excuse to invade Poland the next day.
01 septemberNazi Germany invaded Poland at Wielun and Westerplatte, starting World War II in Europe.
03 septemberBritain and France declare war on Germany in retaliation to Hitler's incursion of Poland.
10 septemberCanada with England and France declare war on Germany.
17 septemberSoviet Union invades eastern Poland in retaliation to Germany’s invasion of Western Poland earlier in the month.
17 septemberWorld War II-The Soviet Union invaded Poland from the east,sixteen days after Nazi Germany's attack on that country from the west.
17 septemberSecond World War-The Royal Navy lost its first warship in the war when German submarine U-29 torpedoed and sank HMS Courageous.
18 septemberThe Nazi propaganda radio programme Germany Calling, with ahost nicknamed 'Lord Haw-Haw', began broadcasting to audiences in theUnited Kingdom and the United States.
21 septemberRomanian Prime Minister Armand Calinescu was assassinated inBucharest by pro-Nazi members of the Iron Guard.
25 septemberVersailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra, so Andorra and Germany finally sign an official treaty ending WW I
27 septemberPoland surrenders to Germany after just 26 days of fierce battle. The German Army imprisons approximately 140,000 Polish troops.
30 septemberWorld War II-General Wladyslaw Sikorski became Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile.
06 novemberAs part of their plan to eradicate the Polish intellectualelite, the Gestapo arrested 184 professors, students and employees ofJagiellonian University in Kraków.
26 novemberThe Soviet Red Army shelled Mainila and then claimed that the fire originated from Finland, giving them a casus belli to launch the Winter War a few days later.

Famous birthdays in the year 1939:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
03 JuneSteve Dalkowski / Baseball Player / United States of America
04 SeptemberDenis Lindsay / Cricketer / South Africa
05 MayRay Gosling / Author / United Kingdom
05 SeptemberGeorge Lazenby / Actor / Australia
06 MayChet Allen / Actor / United States of America
07 SeptemberLatimore / Writer / United States of America
07 JuneYuli Turovsky / Educator / Russia
07 MayRuud Lubbers / Politician / Netherlands
10 February Roberta Flack / Writer / United States of America
10 JulyAhmet Taner Kışlalı / Journalist / Turkey
11 AprilLouise Lasser / Actress / United States of America
14 March Pilar Bardem / Actress / Spain
19 MayDick Scobee / Pilot / United States of America
19 MayNancy Kwan / Actress / United States of America
21 March Kathleen Widdoes / Actress / United States of America
22 AprilTheodor Waigel / Politician / Germany
23 JuneScott Burton / Sculptor / United States of America
25 AprilMichael Llewellyn-Smith / Academic / United Kingdom
25 NovemberMartin Feldstein / Academic / United States of America
27 AugustWilliam Least Heat-Moon / Writer / United States of America

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1939:

YearName / Profession / Country
21 SeptemberAgnivesh / Philosopher / India
27 JuneRahul Dev Burman / Musician / India
08 JanuaryNanda / Actress / India
01 NovemberVed Prakash Malik / Soldier / India
15 SeptemberSubramanian Swamy / Academic / India
27 JuneR. D. Burman / Writer / India
29 March Hanumant Singh / Cricketer / India
25 SeptemberFeroz Khan / Actor / India
20 MayBalu Mahendra / Director / India
10 March Asghar Ali Engineer / Author / India
11 NovemberRavindra Kalia / Author / India
20 JuneRamakant Desai / Cricketer / India
13 JulyPrakash Mehra / Producer / India
06 March Adam Osborne / Business Man / India
03 AugustApoorva Sengupta / Cricketer / India
14 OctoberDr. Suniti Solomon / Physician / India
01 DecemberHemananda Biswal / Politician / India
08 FebruaryJames Michael Lyngdoh / Civil Servant / India
24 FebruaryJoy Mukherjee / Actor / India
01 JulyS. Rajendra Babu / Lawyer / India
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