1960 in History – What happened in year 1960

In history, year 1960 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1960.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1960:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
06 januaryNational Airlines Flight 2511, traveling from New York City to Miami, exploded in mid air due to a bomb placed by an unknown party,resulting in the deaths of all 34 people on board.
14 januaryThe Reserve Bank of Australia, the country's central bank and bank note-issuing authority, was established.
01 februaryFour African American students staged the first Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.
08 februaryThe first eight brass star plaques were installed in the Hollywood Walk of Fame in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California.
13 februaryAfrican American college students staged the first of theNashville sit-ins at three lunch counters in Nashville, Tennessee, partof a nonviolent direct action campaign to end racial segregation.
29 februaryMorocco's deadliest earthquake struck the city of Agadir, killing at least 12, 000 people.
05 marchBritish marine biologist Alister Hardy introduced his aquaticape hypothesis, theorizing that swimming and diving for food exerted astrong evolutionary effect that was partly responsible for thedivergence between the common ancestors of humans and other great apes.
05 marchCuban photographer Alberto Korda took his iconic photograph ofMarxist revolutionary Che Guevara.
10 april24th Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 282.
19 aprilStudents in South Korea held a nationwide pro-democracy protest against President Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign.
21 aprilBrasília, a planned city primarily designed by architect and urban planner Lúcio Costa, was officially inaugurated, replacing Rio de Janeiro as the capital of Brazil.
25 aprilThe U.S. Navy submarine USS Triton (SSRN-586) completed the first submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
03 mayThe Off-Broadway musical The Fantasticks made its premiere, eventually becoming the world's longest-running musical.
06 mayPresident Dwight D. Eisenhower signed Civil Right Act of 1960 on 6th May. This new United States federal law eliminated the loopholes left by the Civil Right Act 1957 and gave legal right to vote under which nobody will be deprived of the right on account of race or color.
07 mayCold War-Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announced that his country was holding American pilot Francis Gary Powers, whose U-2 spyplane was shot down over the Soviet Union six days earlier.
09 mayNigeria became the member of the Commonwealth on May 9, 1960. In 1995, Nigeria was suspended from the membership for two year but its suspension was lifted on May 29, 1999 with the swearing in of the democratically elected civilian president.
09 mayThe United States Food and Drug Administration announced itwould approve the use of Searle's Enovid for birth control, making itthe first oral contraceptive pill.
10 mayThe United States Navy nuclear-powered radar picket submarine USS Triton completed Operation Sandblast on May 10, 1960. It was the very first submerged circumnavigation of the world in history.
16 mayRuby laser, the first working solid-state laser, was invented on May 16, 1960 by Theodore Maiman at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California. This device was built on the concept of optical maser.
16 mayAmerican physicist Theodore Maiman operated the first workinglaser at the Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California.
22 mayThe Great Chilean Earthquake measuring 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale occurred on May 22, 1960, affecting Southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast Australia and the Aleutian Islands. It was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in the world history.
22 mayA magnitude 9.5 earthquake devastated Valdivia, Chile, andgenerated destructive tsunamis that reached Hawaii the following day.
24 mayCordón Caulle in the Andes in Chile, began to erupt, less thantwo days after the Valdivia earthquake struck the region.
16 juneThe thriller/horror film Psycho, directed by Alfred Hitchcockand based on a novel of the same name by Robert Bloch, was released.
20 juneThe Mali Federation gained independence from France. The Mali Federation was a country in West Africa linking the French colonies of Senegal and the Sudanese Republic for a period of only two months. It was founded as a territory with self-rule within the French Community and became independent after negotiations with France. It was later split into Mali and Senegal.
20 juneThe Mali Federation gained independence from France, but lastedonly two months before dividing into Senegal and Mali.
25 juneTwo cryptographers working for the United States NationalSecurity Agency left for vacation to Mexico, and from there defected tothe Soviet Union.
26 juneMadagascar gained its independence from France. Madagascar is a semi-presidential representative democratic multi-party republic, wherein the popularly elected president is the head of state and selects a prime minister, who recommends candidates to the president to form his cabinet of ministers.
01 julyGhana became a republic with Kwame Nkrumah as its firstpresident.
11 julyThe state of Katanga broke apart from Congo during Congo crisis. It was a period comprised of a series of civil wars. This occurred just after the independence of Congo from Belgium. Opposite sides which were fighting in the war was supported by both US and Soviet Union in the period of Cold War.


Famous birthdays in the year 1960:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 January Danny Wilson / Footballer / United Kingdom
02 AugustNeal Morse / Singer / United States of America
04 OctoberHenry Worsley / Colonel / United Kingdom
08 AugustUlrich Maly / Politician / Germany
09 DecemberJuan Samuel / Baseball Player / United States of America
09 NovemberAndreas Brehme / Footballer / Germany
09 DecemberDobroslav Paraga / Politician / Croatia
13 JulyIan Hislop / Writer / United Kingdom
14 DecemberDiane Williams / Sprinter / United States of America
16 JulyTerry Pendleton / Baseball Player / United States of America
19 February John Paul / Racing Car Driver / United States of America
20 OctoberKonstantin Aseev / Chess Player / Russia
20 JulyPrvoslav Vujčić / Poet / Canada
22 DecemberLuther Campbell / Actor / United States of America
22 February Thomas Galbraith / Politician / Scotland
23 AprilLéo Jaime / Singer / Brazil
24 MayGuy Fletcher / Guitarist / United Kingdom
28 AprilElena Kagan / Lawyer / United States of America
30 NovemberBill Halter / Activist / United States of America
31 OctoberLuis Fortuño / Lawyer / Puerto Rico

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1960:

YearName / Profession / Country
17 NovemberAlka Saraogi / Author / India
21 JulyAmar Singh Chamkila / Writer / India
21 MayMohanlal / Actor / India
04 MayPaul Bhattacharjee / Actor / India
13 SeptemberN. Kiran Kumar Reddy / Politician / India
11 JulyKumar Gaurav / Actor / India
13 AugustKetaki Dave / Actress / India
02 January Raman Lamba / Cricketer / India
01 JanuaryKunika / Actress / India
09 NovemberTanvi Azmi / Actress / India
03 AugustGopal Sharma / Cricketer / India
20 DecemberTrivendra Singh Rawat / Politician / India
07 NovemberShyamaprasad / Filmmaker / India
13 AugustApra Mehta / Actress / India

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