1963 in History – What happened in year 1963

✅ Published on April 9th, 2009 in 20th Century in History

In history, year 1963 has its own importance and known for many memorable events like famous birthdays, inventions, natural disaster, treaties, change of rulers, special days etc. Find below a list of important historical events which happened during the year 1963.

Top Historical Events of the Year 1963 ⚡:

Date/MonthEvent / Incidence / Incident
02 januaryVietnam War: The Viet Cong won its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac.
21 januaryFollowing a period of chaos in Congo-Léopoldville and United Nations intervention, the secession of Katanga came to an end.
05 februaryThe European Court of Justice's ruling in Van Gend en Loos Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen established the principle of direct effect, one of the basic tenets of European Union law.
19 februaryBetty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique, a non-fiction books credited with sparking the beginning of second-wave feminism in the United States, was first published.
27 februaryThe Dominican Republic receives its first democratically elected president, Juan Bosch, since the end of the dictatorship led by Rafael Trujillo.
08 marchThe Ba'ath Party came to power in Syria in a coup d'état by aclique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves theNational Council of the Revolutionary Command.
17 marchThe most recent eruption of Mount Agung on Bali, Indonesia,killed approximately 1,500 people.
21 marchAlcatraz Federal Penitentiary on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay, California—one of the world's most notorious and best known prisons—was closed.
22 marchPlease Please Me, the first album recorded by The Beatles, was released.
11 aprilPope John XXIII issued Pacem in terris ('Peace on Earth'), the first papal encyclical addressed to 'all men of good will', rather than only to Catholics.
16 aprilMartin Luther King, Jr. wrote his Letter from Birmingham Jail In response to an open letter written by white clergyman four days earlier.
30 aprilA boycott was held in Bristol to protest the Bristol OmnibusCompany's refusal to employ Black or Asian bus crews, drawing nationalattention to racial discrimination in the United Kingdom.
03 mayPolice in Birmingham, Alabama, used high-pressure water hosesand dogs on civil rights protesters, bringing intense scrutiny on racialsegregation in the southern US.
08 mayIn Hu?, South Vietnam, soldiers of the Army of the Republicof Vietnam opened fire into a crowd of Buddhist protestors against agovernment ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesakha, killingnine and sparking the Buddhist crisis.
08 maySouth Vietnam, soldiers of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam opened fire into a crowd of Buddhist protestors against agovernment ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesakha, killingnine and sparking the Buddhist crisis.
15 mayGordon Cooper, an American astronaut, was launched into space aboard the Mercury-Atlas 9 spacecraft on May 15, 1963. It was the final mission of the first manned space program called as Project Mercury and Gordon became the first American to sleep in space during 34-hour mission.
24 mayUnited States Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy met withAfrican American author James Baldwin in an unsuccessful attempt toimprove race relations.
30 mayBuddhist crisis A protest against pro-Catholic discrimination was held outside South Vietnam's National Assembly, the first open demonstration against President Ngô ?ình Di?m.
03 juneBuddhist crisis-South Vietnamese Army soldiers attackedprotesting Buddhists in Hu?, with liquid chemicals from tear gasgrenades, causing 67 people to be hospitalised.
05 juneThe British Secretary of State for War John Profumo admitted helied to the House of Commons during enquiries about his involvement in asex scandal and resigned.
11 juneThe University of Alabama was desegregated as Governor ofAlabama George Wallace stepped aside after defiantly blocking theentrance to an auditorium.
11 juneVietnamese monk Thich Quang Duc burned himself to death inSaigon to protest the persecution of Buddhists by South VietnamesePresident Ngo Dinh Diem's administration.
12 juneAfrican American civil rights activist Medgar Evers wasmurdered by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
16 juneSoviet Space Program: Vostok 6 Mission: Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space. Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was the first woman to have flown in space, having been selected from more than four hundred applicants and five finalists to pilot Vostok 6.
16 juneAboard Vostok 6, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.
17 juneAround 2,000 people rioted in South Vietnam, despite thesigning of the Joint Communique to resolve the ongoing Buddhist crisisone day earlier.
20 juneThe so-called 'red telephone' was established between the WhiteHouse and the Kremlin, after the Cuban Missile Crisis demonstrated thatdirect communications between the two nations were necessary.
21 juneCardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was elected as Pope Paul VI. He reigned from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Succeeding Pope John XXIII, he continued the Second Vatican Council which he closed in 1965, implementing its numerous reforms and fostered improved ecumenical relations with Eastern Orthodox and Protestants, which resulted in many historic meetings and agreements.
21 juneItalian cardinal Giovanni Battista Montini was elected as Pope Paul VI.
30 juneA car bomb intended for Mafia boss Salvatore Greco killed sevenpolice and military officers near Palermo.


Famous birthdays in the year 1963:

Date/MonthName / Profession / Country
01 DecemberNathalie Lambert / Speed Skater / Canada
02 February Eva Cassidy / Singer / United States of America
02 JulyMark Kermode / Bassist / United Kingdom
03 JulyTracey Emin / Photographer / United Kingdom
07 January Rand Paul / Politician / United States of America
11 DecemberClaudia Kohde-Kilsch / Tennis Player / Germany
12 MayGavin Hood / Writer / South Africa
12 MayPanagiotis Fasoulas / Politician / Greece
13 AugustSteve Higgins / Writer / United States of America
18 JulyMike Greenwell / Baseball Player / United States of America
18 OctoberSigvart Dagsland / Composer / Norway
19 SeptemberUrmas Tartes / Photographer / Estonia
19 JulyGarth Nix / Author / Australia
21 MayLaurie Spina / Rugby Player / Australia
21 SeptemberAngus Macfadyen / Actor / Scotland
24 DecemberJay Bilas / Basketball Player / United States of America
24 AugustHideo Kojima / Writer / Japan
27 JuneWendy Alexander / Politician / Scotland
30 OctoberRebecca Heineman / Programmer / United States of America
30 March Eli-Eri Moura / Composer / Brazil

Famous Indian Personalities Birthdays in the year 1963:

YearName / Profession / Country
14 SeptemberRobin Singh / Cricketer / India
01 AprilRohini Khadilkar / Player / India
31 AugustRituparno Ghosh / Director / India
13 AugustSridevi / Actress / India
10 AugustPhoolan Devi / Politician / India
21 DecemberGovinda / Actor / India
15 AprilManoj Prabhakar / Cricketer / India
21 DecemberGovinda / Actor / India
03 February Raghuram Rajan / Academic / India
04 DecemberJaved Jafri / Actor / India
08 February Mohammad Azharuddin / Politician / India
31 AugustRituparno Ghosh / Actor / India
01 NovemberNita Ambani / Business Woman / India
07 SeptemberNeerja Bhanot / Model / India
03 FebruaryRaghuram Rajan / IPS / India
07 SeptemberNeerja Bhanot / Air Hostess / India
29 NovemberLalit Modi / Business Man / India
02 JuneAnand Abhyankar / Actor / India
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